Open Source Software
Open Source Software or OSS is computer software that is in source code. The source code is a text written by programmers to develop the software. Unlike free software, open source software grants each user rights that are normally protected by copyright. Any user can change, change, study or improve it. Open source software can be freely distributed as part of a device. It is not tied to a particular use (business, personal, research, etc.), specific products, or a particular group of users. In many cases, open source software is developed openly and publicly in collaboration with many users. Since it is free for use and distribution, it saves consumers a lot of money. Experts claim that open source software saves users $ 60 billion a year.
Today you can find open source software on almost every computer. The most popular applications are the Internet browser Mozilla Firefox and the operating system GNU / Linux. Unlike free software, the source code is included and anyone can change or change it. This guarantees that open source software is always up to date with development. This makes these programs very stable and reliable, since the development and troubleshooting is done not by a few specialists, but by thousands – if not millions – of users, many of whom are very experienced. Useful changes become part of the common code base. For some applications, these updates are performed daily. This ensures a continuous improvement of the software. Instead, closed-source software is developed, tested and published. Later, the bugs are fixed with an update.
Open source software was first developed at the end of the 20th century. The statement that it is free does not mean that it costs nothing. Free in this context means that it is free to develop and to share. The cost of open source software is funded by individuals or businesses.